nginx的一般配置

本文最后更新于:2022年10月26日 凌晨

http,用户密码,端口转发的配置,万年改一次,方便直接来复制

htpps

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server {
listen 443;
server_name kala.love;
ssl on;
root /var/www/moe;
index index.html index.htm;

ssl_certificate /root/https_nginx/kala.love_bundle.crt;
ssl_certificate_key /root/https_nginx/kala.love.key;
ssl_session_timeout 5m;
ssl_ciphers ECDHE-RSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256:ECDHE:ECDH:AES:HIGH:!NULL:!aNULL:!MD5:!ADH:!RC4;
ssl_protocols TLSv1 TLSv1.1 TLSv1.2;
ssl_prefer_server_ciphers on;
location / {
index index.html index.htm;
}
}
# 80->433
server {
listen 80;
server_name kala.love;
rewrite ^(.*)$ https://$host$1 permanent;
}

设置访问密码

1 安装

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sudo apt-get install apache2-utils

2 创建用户

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sudo htpasswd -c /etc/nginx/.htpasswd fff

之后安装提示输入密码

3 修改nginx配置

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sudo vim /etc/nginx/sites-available/default.conf

添加:

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auth_basic "Restricted";
auth_basic_user_file /etc/nginx/.htpasswd;

完整示例

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server {
listen 443;
server_name doc.kala.love;
ssl on;
root /var/www/doc;
index index.html index.htm;

auth_basic "Restricted";
auth_basic_user_file /etc/nginx/.htpasswd;

ssl_certificate /root/https_nginx/doc.kala.love_bundle.crt;
ssl_certificate_key /root/https_nginx/doc.kala.love.key;
ssl_session_timeout 5m;
ssl_ciphers ECDHE-RSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256:ECDHE:ECDH:AES:HIGH:!NULL:!aNULL:!MD5:!ADH:!RC4;
ssl_protocols TLSv1 TLSv1.1 TLSv1.2;
ssl_prefer_server_ciphers on;
location / {
index index.html index.htm;
}
}

4 重启nginx

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sudo /etc/init.d/nginx reload

端口转发

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server{
listen 80;
server_name pan.kala.love;
rewrite ^(.*)$ https://$host$1 permanent;
}

server {
listen 443;
server_name pan.kala.love;
ssl on;

ssl_certificate /root/https_nginx/pan.kala.love_bundle.crt;
ssl_certificate_key /root/https_nginx/pan.kala.love.key;
ssl_session_timeout 5m;
ssl_ciphers ECDHE-RSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256:ECDHE:ECDH:AES:HIGH:!NULL:!aNULL:!MD5:!ADH:!RC4;
ssl_protocols TLSv1 TLSv1.1 TLSv1.2;
ssl_prefer_server_ciphers on;
location / {
proxy_pass http://localhost:9999/;
proxy_redirect default;
}
}